philosophy, process

philosophy, process
   A philosophy developed by Alfred North Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne, process philosophy replaces the traditional Western metaphysics of being and substance with one of becoming and event. For this reason, Whitehead chose as the fundamental metaphysical primitive of his system a basic unit of becoming that he termed an 'actual occasion'. As each actual occasion moves toward being, it undergoes concrescence (a move from subjectivity to objectivity), through which it is 'prehended' by the actual occasions to follow. Each apparent substance (a tree, a person and so on) is a society of actual occasions in a flowing process of concrescence and prehension that creates an ongoing, fully relational oscillation between subjectivity and objectivity. Process philosophy holds to panentheism (see pantheism) in that the world is viewed as God's body, a collection of actual occasions in a constant dynamic of becoming. In this ongoing process, God works through persuasion as he suffers with creation through the prehension of the totality of actual occasions. While initially bewildering, process metaphysics is an impressive intellectual achievement and many see it as offering promising resources for an alternative conception of the God/world relation to the 'static substance' of classical theism. Philosophically, critics find the system to be deeply counterintuitive, and see inadequate argument to warrant overturning the intuition that there are enduring substances. Theologically, process philosophy stands in tension with the traditional Christian view of God's otherness and sovereignty over creation.
   Further reading: Rescher 2000; Sibley and Gunter 1978; Whittemore 1974

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Process theory — is a commonly used form of scientific research study in which events or occurrences are said to be the result of certain input states leading to a certain outcome (output) state, following a set process.Process theory holds that if an outcome is… …   Wikipedia

  • process — A sequence of events. In the process philosophy of Whitehead, the fundamental fact of cosmology is the unfolding of processes, not conceived in terms of modifications of underlying substances, but united by networks of relations, and selected in… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Process and Reality — In philosophy, especially metaphysics, the book Process and Reality , by Alfred North Whitehead, sets out its author s philosophy of organism, also called process philosophy. The book, published in 1929, is a revision of the Gifford Lectures he… …   Wikipedia

  • Philosophy — For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Process and Reality — Der Essay Prozess und Realität ist ein zuerst 1929 in New York unter dem Originaltitel Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology erschienes Werk des britischen Philosophen und Mathematikers Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947). Es ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • philosophy — /fi los euh fee/, n., pl. philosophies. 1. the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct. 2. any of the three branches, namely natural philosophy, moral philosophy, and metaphysical philosophy, that are… …   Universalium

  • process philosophy —    see philosophy, process …   Christian Philosophy

  • Process philosophy — (or Ontology of Becoming) identifies metaphysical reality with change and dynamism. Since the time of Plato and Aristotle, philosophers have posited true reality as timeless , based on permanent substances, whilst processes are denied or… …   Wikipedia

  • Process theology — is a school of thought influenced by the metaphysical process philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead (1861–1947) and further developed by Charles Hartshorne (1897–2000). While there are process theologies that are similar, but unrelated to the work …   Wikipedia

  • Philosophy — • Detailed article on the history of the love of wisdom Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Philosophy     Philosophy     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”